New Construction – Residential Garages and Accessory Structures –
best built garage or accessory building is dependent not only on expert
craftsmanship, experience, quality lumber and foundation materials, but
also fasteners. Fasteners, which will be outlined below, are MOST
important when it comes to a successful garage or storage building
project. Points of stress from the weight of all aspects of a new
construction garage, and the building materials themselves require metal
reinforcement and come in a myriad of types.
A garage, a barn and
a new home are all built in similar fashion, except, what has the
greatest influence over HOW to properly build something, is what is the
garage, barn or storage building is being used for.
How much live
load and dead load weight is necessary for that garage to stand for a
100 years? Are you building a one-storage A Roof Garage, a Barn, a 1 ½
Story A Roof, a 1 ½ Story Barn or a full 2 story accessory or light
commercial storage building? What type of roof assembly is being used?
It is a truss system or rafter system? Will the garage be occupied or
just used for storing cars, equipment, tools, etc? Does the garage need
to be built to accommodate a lift?
There are State codes and
building regulations that are the minimum requirements enforced by the
State of VA for the proper way to successfully build a garage or barn.
It’s just nails, right? Well no, not exactly. There are nails, screws,
anchor bolts, strand wire ties for masonry products, rebar and threaded
rods for increasing tensile strength and shear in concrete and hurricane
clips, and on and on and on to secure lumber, concrete, masonry
products, interior and exterior products.
When building a garage,
lateral, vertical and horizontal wind forces are all considered. Will
the wind blow against the right side, the back, will it be situated in
such a way that there could be uplift or shear forces? Not all metal
fasteners can be used on all types of wood or other building products
throughout the building project. Pressure-treated (salt-treated) and
fire-retardant wood must be anchored or fastened with zinc metals
products, hot-dipped or zinc-coated galvanized steel, stainless steel,
silicon bronze or copper. Fasteners needed for below-grade application
must be Type 304 or 316 stainless steel only. Zinc metal fasteners are
used for above grade construction.
THE WAY fasteners are used is
of utmost importance as well. For instance, when building a wooden deck
onto your existing garage addition, there are specific patterns in which
to nail, screw or fasten the wooden members to themselves and the
building it is attached to. Decks are exposed platforms that are in
direct contact with the outdoors. We don’t sleep on them or live in
them, but we do spend a lot of time on them. They don’t have concrete
slabs that support them.
Typically a new construction deck is
built as a floor joist system that runs perpendicular or parallel to the
floor joists of the main structure it is attached to. You attach it
using a ledger board. How you fasten that board solely determines the
stability of longevity of your deck. New construction decking is
fastened using lag screws and bolts in a repetitive “V” pattern. There
are hundreds of metal fasteners.
It’s amazing that “a few little
nails and bolts” could make such a HUGE impact on how well built your
garage project will be and how many years you will be able to safely use
Call an experienced professional. Call H.W. Enterprises, Inc. at 757-595-4562 or 757-696-1927. We custom build our jobs to last a LIFETIME.